Closing all objects (WINWORD.EXE)

How do you shutdown all instances of the WINWORD.EXE without going into the task manager? The answer is very simple -- use the GetObject method to retrieve the object.

You may have seen this problem when working with Microsoft Word or Excel. You close all the objects, try to run another process and you still get an error message or Notes freezes. How do you shut down all instances of the WINWORD.EXE without going into the Task Manager? The answer is very simple -- use the GetObject method to retrieve the object, "Word.Application." If the object exists, then do not create a new instance. Create a...

dummy Word document (example: TempDoc.doc) and save it under the C:Temp directory. In order to close the instance of WINWORD.EXE, you may want to open this document and then close all the objects. See the code below. I am using this code to ensure all my COM objects are closed before I create a new object.

  
 Dim WordApp As Variant
Dim WordDoc As Variant
Dim FileName As String
 
Set WordApp = GetObject(, "Word.Application")

If WordApp Is Nothing Then
    'Set WordApp = CreateObject
("Word.Application")
    Print "Word is not running"
Else
    Print "Word is already running"
    'Open a Dummy Document
    FileName = "C:\Temp\TempDoc.doc" 
    Set WordDoc = 
WordApp.Documents.Open(FileName)
    WordApp.Visible = False
    WordDoc.Close(0)
    WordApp.Quit
    Set WordApp = Nothing   
End If

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This was first published in October 2004

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